Back to the subject of farming models. Vietnam is shifting towards changes that are very similar to those in the Philippines from the 70s, and surrounding countries such as China, Thailand, India, Taiwan.
This article on worldwatch.org details the shift in the Philippines and environmental consequences. It points out that farming policies in Western Europe have become increasingly strick, resulting in a number of companies moving their meat production to other countries where there is little or very loose regulations. The article mostly focuses on the environmental consequences of industrial farms, but also touched upon the susceptibility to zoonotic disease due to the increasing movement between farms.
In Vietnam people used to bring living livestock to the market to slaughter and sell. After the outbreak in 2005 the government banned this practice, but in fact in the countryside this is still very common. Most families would buy live chicken and slaughter them in their own backyards.
On the Journey for Animal Science, there is another detailed essay on the economic importance of livestock keeping for small households, and the risk of zoonotic and food-borne disease.
According to online news sources each year 100-200 people die from food poisoning. That’s 4 times more each year than the worse of H1N1 death toll during the breakout in 2005. In Vietnam, it’s not just in farming practice, but in everything else that quality and safety control often fails. In simplistic terms, the question lies not just in what farming model to employ but rather how to improve the overall facility and health standards for both human and animal, and to have some form of quality control from livestock to meat produce.